Commentary on the Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana
llustrated Beatus manuscripts bring to life an extraordinary vision of the end of the world, as recorded by Saint John in the Apocalypse (Book of Revelation) and filtered through the lens of Beatus of Liébana, an eighth-century Asturian monk.
The San Miguel Beatus Codex, Spain, c.960AD
Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Ms 644



Jerusalem Besieged


The death of the two witnesses


The victory of the Lamb over the kings

The Valcavado Beatus Codex, Spain, 970AD
Valladolid, Biblioteca de la Universidad, MS 433



Jerusalem Besieged


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The Urgell Beatus Codex, Spain, 975AD
Musei Diocesá de La Seu d'Urgell



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The Siege of Jerusalem


Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieging Jerusalem


The Gerona Beatus Codex, Spain, 975AD
Bibliothèque nationale de France, manuscript Latin 8878



Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Horseman Fighting a Dragon

Jerusalem Besieged


The Facundus Beatus Codex, Spain, 1047AD
Girona Cathedral, Catalonia



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse


The Army Of Horsemen On Lion-Headed Horses


The victorious Christ
The Word of God


Siege of Jerusalem


Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieging Jerusalem

Harvest


Beatus de Saint-Sever, before 1072AD, Southwestern France.
Bibliothèque nationale de France, manuscript Latin 8878


The Four Horsemen

Monstrous Cavalry

Ten Kings and their Army

Victory of the Lamb

Kings mourning
about Babylon
Eschatological Combat


The Osma Beatus Codex, Spain, 1086AD
Cathedral of El Burgo de Osma (Soria). Archives. Cod. 1.



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Deaths of the Patriarchs Enoch and Elias

Victory of the Lamb


The Victorious Christ
The Word of God

The Silos Beatus Codex, Spain, 1090-1109AD
British Library Add. MS 11695.



f102v Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

f136v The Riders on Lion-Headed Horses

f143r The Antichrist Kills the Two Witnesses

f194r A Knight


f196r The Rider upon the White Horse


f198v Triumph of the Rider over the Beast

f222v Siege of
Jerusalem

f223r Nebuchadnezzar's Army attacks Jerusalem

f239r Darius lies sleepless

The Turin Beatus Codex, Spain, early 12th century
Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria di Torino, Sgn I. II. 1



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Jerusalem Besieged


Rylands Beatus Codex, Spain, c.1175
John Rylands University Library



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The army on lion-headed horses


Jerusalem


Where kings or merchants lament for Babylon


The Antichrist

Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem

Jerusalem under siege

The Lorvão Beatus Codex, Portugal, 1189AD
Arquivo Nacional Torre do Tombo



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse


The Sixth Seal


The Navarra Beatus Codex, Navarre, late 12th century
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, Manuscript Nouvelle acquisition latine 1366



Combat contre le Dragon
Fight against the Red Dragon

Victoire de l'Agneau
Victory of the Lamb

Faux prophète dans le feu
False prophet in the fire

Las Huelgas Beatus Codex, Spain, 1220AD
Morgan Pierpont Library M.429


Opening Of The First Two Seals, The Horsemen

Darius lies sleepless

Horsemen On Lion-Headed
Horses
Capture of the Beast and of the False Prophet

Siege of Jerusalem by the army of Nebuchadnezzar

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Other Spanish Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Index